Climate change adaptation and better use of natural resources
Innovative projects in Central and South America: IICA and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) supported the 2015 call for bids of the Regional Fund for Agricultural Technology (FONTAGRO), related to resilience in agriculture. The projects granted funding were as follows:
Water and soil management: More than 940 producers, officials and academics in 16 countries benefited from training activities that IICA organized on integrated water management, irrigation systems and water harvesting, integrated waste management, and soil degradation. In addition, in the Caribbean and Andean regions, the Institute validated a training module on integrated water management with 49 participants from 14 countries.
Efficient irrigation systems and water balance models: With assistance from IICA and the EU, two municipalities in Paraguay’s El Chaco region implemented a rainwater harvesting project that made it possible to install and maintain drip irrigation systems. Furthermore, the MAG improved its ability to manage meteorological risks by using a new water balance model to monitor water surpluses or shortages in agricultural areas.
Management of natural resources: In St. Vincent and the Grenadines, IICA established a demonstration model for water harvesting to train technical officers and producers in climate-smart agriculture, water harvesting, and soil management.
Updating of agricultural soil maps: Working with the Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR), the Institute generated the agricultural soil maps (orders and suborders) that form part of a useful geographic information system for the preparation of plans and the management of agricultural production in that country.
Conservation of Nicaraguan soils: With the participation of 12 cooperation, education and governmental organizations, IICA facilitated the creation of a national alliance for soil resources, and prioritized actions for a future strategy.
Coordination for climate-smart agriculture: The Caribbean Forum on Climate-Smart Agriculture was set up and made it possible to provide training in climate change adaptation in agriculture to more than 450 technical officers from ministries of environment and agriculture, including extension workers and decision-makers. At least 109 people from the public and private sectors of Barbados, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Dominica, and St. Kitts and Nevis were trained in good agricultural practices (GAP) for dealing with climate change.
Strengthening of capabilities for climate change adaptation and mitigation in agriculture: Under the EU-funded EUROCLIMA Program, more than 700 technical officers and specialists increased their knowledge of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and subjects such as the reduction of vulnerability to drought, use of the climate analogues tool, sustainable soil use, integrated water management, and the application of the water footprint concept to agriculture, among others.
Clean energies and carbon sequestration: Under the agreement with Ecuador’s Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MEER), through the project “Production of Jatropha oil for the pilot plan for power generation in the Galapagos Islands,” 41,000 liters of pure Jatropha vegetable oil were sent to the islands. In addition, the planting of more than one million Jatropha curcas plants in Manabí, Ecuador, helped sequester 4000 t of CO2.
Integration of gender, agriculture, and climate change: Through South-South cooperation established under the aegis of the EUROCLIMA Program, 24 women from eight countries involved in projects aimed at integrating the climate change perspective into the agricultural sector shared experiences that will make it possible to improve appreciation of women’s role in agriculture.