Harmonization of food safety controls: as many as 479 inspectors successfully completed the food inspection and food audit courses run by the Regional Virtual School for Food Inspectors in Central America and the Dominican Republic, which has also made it possible to consolidate a network of experts on the subject.
Strengthening of sanitary measures in the Caribbean: a series of IICA efforts, coupled with actions by partners such as the EU, strengthened plant health capabilities in the Caribbean Region, mainly in the areas of plant virology, communication, pest diagnosis and quarantine. The validation of model legislation on plant protection, animal health and food safety by the Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM) countries served as the basis for formulating a harmonized legislative framework, creating regional coordination mechanisms and achieving a 60% increase in the countries’ participation in international AHFS meetings. Furthermore, 1350 public and private actors were trained in AHFS requirements, making it possible to improve safety systems for more than 25 private companies.
Codex capabilities: a number of actions, including the participation of 19 countries in nine Codex committee meetings, the organization of events involving the Codex Alimentarius Coordinating Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean (CCLAC) and the Codex Alimentarius Coordinating Committee for Africa (CCAfrica) and the implementation of five twinning projects, benefited more than 1000 people and strengthened the capabilities of Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) institutions.
Improved laboratory techniques: IICA increased the technical capabilities for detecting maximum residue levels of a number of laboratories that submit data to Codex Alimentarius. The aim in doing so was to improve access to, and the stability of, banana markets in Costa Rica and Guatemala, the pineapple market in Panama, and the avocado market in Colombia.
Incidence of salmonella in chickens in the Caribbean: under the “Regional study of microbial resistance” project, it was possible to determine the bacterium’s incidence in chickens and its level of resistance, and to enhance the capabilities of seven Caribbean countries for conducting microbial resistance testing.
Greater income, market access and food availability: At least 96 economic projects or business plans were prepared based on the AT-SIAL, LINK/CIAT and CANVAS methodologies in Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Suriname. The objective was to address the business undertakings and production demands of over 1,400 excluded family farmers (women, young people, indigenous peoples, populations of African descent and men) in different areas of interest, such as the diversification of production, food security, ecotourism, livestock and farming of cocoa, coffee, vegetables, greens, tubers, coconut and medicinal plants, among other crops.
Source of protein for Haitian families: With support from Caritas nuns and IICA, a poultry farm project in Arreguy, Haiti, was expanded through the addition of 500 chickens, allowing low-income children, the elderly and farmers to improve their diet at a low cost. Additionally, the project promoted the administration of farms by local women, and contributed to generating additional income through the sale of eggs to neighboring communities.
Diversification of food options in Central America: Twenty-four local consortia for the cassava, potato, avocado and tomato chains, established through PRIICA, played a fundamental role in improving food availability and access for project beneficiaries, who were informed of the results of different research projects and also participated in training events and fairs that enabled them to learn new ways to prepare and consume their crops. Relevant activities included delivery of the cassava seed to producers in Guatemala, cultivation of the ICTA Izabal variety in 890 smallholdings, the generation of 13 technologies in Costa Rica, and production of 35 new cassava genotypes in Nicaragua.
Family farmers with greater access to food: In Paraguay, Peru and Guatemala, IICA promoted the creation and implementation of strategies and plans for managing sustainable FF production systems. In Bolivia and Venezuela, on the other hand, the Institute fostered the strengthening of technical capabilities for formulating and implementing water and irrigation management plans. Both actions allowed for improving the management of natural and productive resources, guaranteeing good nutrition, and reducing malnutrition levels in those countries.
Greater income for fish farmers in the Dominican Republic: IICA contributed to increasing income and improving food security for 80 small-scale fish farmers in the Monte Plata province. The farmers adopted feeding technologies using natural products, allowing them to reduce the use of imported materials.
Recovering local knowledge: In Nicaragua, Venezuela, Ecuador, Guatemala, Paraguay and Bolivia, FF knowledge was documented, specifically through the systematization of local knowledge and ancestral practices geared toward making greater use of native species and native genetic resources with food potential. Over 250 farmers and technical specialists shared local knowledge related to quinoa and quañawa, which allowed for reevaluating the use of these products in national production systems.